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Toys and flowers lie in front of the drama theater in Chernihiv, Ukraine. A six-year-old girl was among the seven killed and about 180 injured after a missile strike hit the theater on August, 19, 2023. Credit: Olga Shults / Save the Children.

Ukraine: Child Casualties in Ukraine Rise 7% over the Summer with over 540 Children Killed in 18 Months of War

Multimedia content from Kryvyi Rih and Chernihiv, Ukraine available here.

FAIRFIELD, Conn. (Aug. 22, 2023)— The number of child casualties in Ukraine from May to August was more than 7% higher than in the previous four-month span. Air and drone attacks tripled in this summer period as well, with no end to the danger faced by children after 18 months of war, Save the Children said today.

Since May 2023, a confirmed total of 148 children have been killed or injured in Ukraine, bringing the official number of child casualties since the escalation of war on Feb 24 last year to 1,700, according to UN data. This includes 545 confirmed deaths, with 24 children killed this summer. The actual number of child casualties is expected to be higher.

The month of June was the deadliest so far this year for children, with 11 children killed and 43 more injured. According to verified UN data,1 there was an increase in all civilian casualties in Ukraine between May 1 and August 13. July recorded the highest number of total civilian casualties in 2023 at 865.

Conflict analytics reports showed that between Jan 1 and April 30 there were 459 air and drone strikes. This rose to 1,432 between May 1 and August 4, with about 95% of these attacks in populated areas.

In one such attack on the morning of July 31, a missile hit an apartment block in Kryvyi Rih, Southern Dnipro, destroying five stories of a high-rise building.  A 10-year-old girl and her mother were killed in the incident, with more than 80 further reported casualties, including seven injured children.

Lyudmyla’s* apartment was one of more than 250 homes damaged in the neighborhood. All the windows of her family’s home were blown out by the explosion and the noise woke up her 18-year-old grandson.

“He was shocked, and rushed outside straight from his bed once he heard the explosion. He could not even change his clothes. He later came back to grab documents and that is when another explosion occurred. He was terrified by such a loud noise,” said Lyudmyla,* 65.

“My two other grandchildren—aged 11 and 13—were staying with their mother at a relative’s house. They were just 300 meters away from the explosion. The windows and doors were also blown out at that apartment. Everyone was scared.”

On August 11, an eight-year-old boy was killed in Kolomyia, western Ukraine, after a missile struck the back garden of his family home. A family of four was killed by shelling in Kherson region two days later, including a 12-year-old boy and a baby girl just 23 days old. Just last week on August 19, a six-year-old girl was among the seven people killed and 180 injured in an attack in the northern city of Chernihiv.

Amjad Yamin, Save the Children’s Advocacy Director in Ukraine, said:

“Ukraine is 18 months into full-scale war, and there seems to be no reprieve from the perilous circumstances endured by children and families. We have witnessed numerous attacks on populated areas that took the lives of children and their parents, left hundreds of people injured or severely distressed, and damaged or destroyed homes, plunging thousands of families into uncertainty. 

“Since last February, more than 1,700 children have been killed or injured due to unrelenting hostilities. The vast majority of those casualties are attributed to missiles and drones being fired at residential areas. This serves as a grim reminder that explosive weapons should not be used anywhere near populated areas, such as towns and villages.”

Save the Children is calling on all sides to adhere to obligations under international humanitarian and human rights law, and ensure that civilians and civilian objects, especially those used by children such as homes, schools, and hospitals, are protected from attack.

Save the Children has been operating in Ukraine since 2014, delivering humanitarian aid to children and their families affected by hostilities. It is also supporting refugee families across Europe and helping children to access education and other critical services.


*Names are changed to protect identity.

Ukraine: Civilian casualties - 24 February 2022 to 30 June 2023 | OHCHR

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