The landlocked, mountainous Central Asian states of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan gained independence when the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. The loss of Soviet subsidies meant a drastic fall in the money available to the government to pay for schools and hospitals and for families to meet basic needs. Although the economies of both states are growing, the gap between rich and poor is getting wider. The farmers do not grow sufficient food to feed everyone and the cost of imported food has skyrocketed. In addition, in the rural areas, many children do not attend school regularly nor can they access treatment when they are ill.
More than 8 Million
people live there
Girls only stay in school an average of 11 years
47 out of 1000 children die
before their 5th birthday
A parent earns an average
of just $2 a day
Save the Children started work in Central Asia in 1992, by providing food, clothing and shelter to children and families in need. Our main program focus has been to ensure that all children attend primary school and to improve the quality of the education they receive there. We also strive to keep children safe from harm, particularly street children and those living in institutions and orphanages. In Tajikistan, Save the Children works in Dushanbe, the capital city, and with isolated rural communities in Khatlon province in the south and Soghd province in the north. In Kyrgyzstan, we work in areas including Osh, Chui, Naryn and Talas.
Unless otherwise noted, facts and statistics have been sourced from Save the Children’s 2015 State of the World’s Mothers report.
You can access detailed data here.
Other sources as follows: Population and Life Expectancy: CIA World Factbook 2015; Human Development Rank: United Nations Development Programe 2015; Underweight Children: World Health Organization Report 2015