A drawing by Salma,* 17, describing the scenes she saw during the clashes in Sudan. Salma* and other children displaced by the violence in Sudan have created drawings as part of psychosocial support activities offered by Save the Children. *Name changed. Credit: Save the Children.
“If I had a magic wand, I would make Sudan a much better place”: Distressing Experiences of Children Revealed in Drawings after Two Months of Violence
Multimedia content (photos, interviews, and children’s drawings) available here
FAIRFIELD, Conn. (June 15, 2023)—From military vehicles, to bullet-littered streets, to dead bodies, shelled homes, and sad faces: children fleeing violence in Sudan express the devastating impact on their lives and mental health of two months of heavy fighting in a series of images released today by Save the Children.
The drawings, from children in a child-friendly space[i] run by the aid group for families who have been forced to flee, are published as the latest data shows more than 1.9 million people[ii] have been forced out of their homes over the past two months, about half of them estimated to be children.
Ahead of a major fundraising conference for the crisis in New York on Monday, Save the Children is calling on the international community to rapidly increase and commit to funding and resources to meet critical needs both in Sudan and in neighboring countries.
Maram,* 17, fled Khartoum and is now staying with her family at a Save the Children shelter. She drew a military vehicle firing at a child hiding in a tree with two more children lying on the ground dead. Her drawing also shows a ground to air weapon firing in the direction of the child in the tree as another child watches from a distance helplessly with his hands behind him.
She said: "I saw these scenes [in the drawing] on the way while escaping. It's a reflection of something that made me sad. I am heartbroken that we had to flee our home and come here [in the shelter]. If I had a magic wand, I would make all households the same and no one better than others. I want to become an artist and wish we can all have homes and live close to each other."
A sketch by Salma,* 17, portrays someone shooting at a house on fire. Fighter jets can also be seen landing nearby. Her other drawings show blood raining down on a soldier as the soil soaks in blood.
She said: "I drew these drawings because I am saddened by what's happening in Sudan and seeing people's homes destroyed. I am heartbroken for every person whose home has been shelled and was displaced. If I had a magic wand, I would make Sudan a much better place. I want to be a surgeon, a world famous one, and for my family to be relaxed, happy, and get all what they want."
Omar,* 16, drew a military vehicle passing by a home and children playing nearby. He said: "I saw the [military vehicle] on my way while escaping. This drawing is a memory of this journey. I am sad that I live here now [in the shelter] and want to go home. I do not want to change the whole world, I just want to change Khartoum and make it like Egypt, full of apartment buildings. I want to work and earn money when I grow up, so that I can build an apartment building for myself and send my parents to pilgrimage."
The drawings by children have emerged in a psychosocial support program run by Save the Children in its child-friendly spaces to help children process what they witnessed over the past two months of violence.
Maab Abdelhalim, a psychologist working with Save the Children in Sudan, said nearly every child arriving at the child-friendly space is emotionally and psychologically affected by the war. She said:
“Some recover quickly, but some are severely traumatized. For example, Maha,* 12, who was wandering for days in the streets with her two older sisters, was caught up in the middle of Libya Souq assault[iii] and was lost from her siblings for a while. Her older sister Reem* was trying to cover their eyes, so they would not see the people killed. I can see in her behavior, in the way she speaks, how deeply this has affected her. She wasn’t talkative and had no expression at all. She says that she is angry and sad that the war has not finished.
“These children will need sustained psychological and emotional support.”
Save the Children is calling on major donors in New York on Monday to provide flexible funding, particularly for child protection programs including psychological support and child-friendly spaces.
Arif Noor, Country Director for Save the Children in Sudan, said: “These drawings are a clear indication that children suffer the most due to war. We’re doing all we can to help children recover from these traumatic experiences but as the war continues, its impact on children now and in the future will only increase with basic services such as education and health seriously disrupted.
“We must see ambitious and tangible financial commitments from donors on Monday. If children are not supported in a timely manner, there might be negative long-lasting impacts on their emotional and psychological health, which can in turn affect their development and education. It is essential that children receive the support they need to recover.”
NOTES TO EDITORS
Save the Children has worked in Sudan since 1983. In 2022, Save the Children directly reached 2.1 million people, 1.5 million of them children, with programming focused on child protection, access to quality education, health and nutrition support, and emergency responses. In the current context, Save the Children is continuing to support children and their families across five states (Red Sea, Kordofan, Gedaref, Sennar, Blue Nile), providing health, nutrition, education, child protection, and food security and livelihoods support. This includes ongoing support through 108 primary health care facilities and 176 schools across the country.
Last month, Save the Children began implementing its emergency response for internally displaced people in Gezira state, 50 miles south of Khartoum, planning to reach at least 4100 displaced people with child protection activities, emergency medical treatment (or mobile health clinic), and the distribution of essential hygiene items.
Save the Children is also supporting refugees from Sudan in Egypt and South Sudan.
Save the Children has been establishing child-friendly spaces in Sudan in various locations during earlier, localized conflicts, for example in Blue Nile and West Darfur states, and they are one of the key tools to support all children and identify those who need more long-lasting and specialized psychological support.
[i] A child-friendly space is a carefully designed soft play area full of toys, games, and drawing stations. These rooms are specifically designed to give children the chance to be children again after harrowing journeys, leaving behind their homes and often families, and friends. Expert staff, including psychologists and child protection experts, run the space and provide psychological support, including drawing and play activities to help children process their experiences.
[ii] This figure is a calculation of the 1,428,551 IDPs and 476,811 refugees to neighboring countries (IOM flash update from June 6, 2023)
[iii] An outbreak of fighting at a market in an area of Khartoum
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