Central African Republic
Crisis in the Central African Republic
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In December 2013, extreme violence rippled through the Central African Republic (CAR), forcing hundreds of thousands of people to leave their homes in search of refuge, and overwhelming the already weak State’s capacity to respond. The violence caused deep social fractures and huge rifts between communities –rifts which were relatively new to the country and left many communities traumatised. Ten months later, the country remains in the grip of a major humanitarian crisis affecting 2.5 million people in CAR itself (over half of the population), half of them children. Half a million people remain displaced within the country, while more than 400,000 people have sought refuge in neighboring States.
As the UN Peacekeeping Force MINUSCA officially comes into force, hopes are high that it will start to bring about real change, improve security and the protection of civilians, and begin the long process of healing the fractures caused by the violence. Its mandate –the most innovative and ambitious of any peacekeeping mandate yet– goes beyond stabilising the country and disarming factions, and includes protecting human rights, engaging and strengthening civil society to find long-term solutions, while supporting the Government to restore vital services.
There is a lot of work to do, and it is crucial that the international community, the CAR Government and all institutions provide the necessary support and resources to this mission if it is to succeed. Moreover, beyond MINUSCA, underfunding is undermining humanitarian operations in general. Hundreds of thousands of people have lost everything, yet agencies are short of stocks to respond to their essential needs. At this crucial juncture, we cannot let this become a forgotten crisis and must commit to ensure the children and people of CAR can have a future they deserve.
Our Results in Central African Republic
Save the Children's Response
Save the Children is calling to improve access for humanitarian agencies throughout the country, especially in rural areas. Improved security is also vital to enable the most basic services to be restored, such as the reopening of schools and health clinics.
We have also called on the international community to increase funding for aid, with the UN estimating that CAR needs about $130 million worth of aid but has only received donations to cover 43% of that figure.
Central African Republic Facts and Statistics
Unless otherwise noted, facts and statistics have been sourced from Save the Children’s 2014 State of the World’s Mothers report.You can access detailed data here.
Other sources as follows: Population and Life Expectancy: CIA World Factbook 2014; Human Development Rank: United Nations Development Programme 2014; Underweight Children: World Health Organization Report 2014
Last Updated June 2014