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The Impact of Urban Growth on Children
About 200 million children live in Africa’s urban areas. The majority of Africa’s children are predicted to live in urban areas by 2032. Urban poverty — and its impact on children — is often overlooked and misunderstood. Africa, though it is the least urbanized continent today, is currently experiencing the highest urban growth rates in the world.
Over the next 40 years, 75 percent of urban population growth in Africa will take place in secondary cities (cities with 100,000 or more population). Currently 60 percent of Africa’s urban population lives in slum conditions.
A new Save the Children report examines the impact of urbanization on children in Africa — including sexual exploitation and abuse, disease and malnutrition, illiteracy and child labor — and is calling for greater investment in policies and programs to ensure the survival, protection and advancement of children, particularly those living in the poorest urban communities. The findings are based on interviews with more than 1,000 key stakeholders in urban settings in seven African cities in six countries — from children and parents to local government and community officials.