Emergency Health and Nutrition

Contents

1. Using this Toolkit
2. Introduction to the Emergency Context
3. SC Emergency Preparedness and Response
4. Assessment Tools
5. Child Health
6. Infant and Child Nutrition
7. Reproductive and Newborn Health
8. Comprehensive 5-Day Course
9. Emergency Simulation Exercise
10. Resources
11. Contacts and Save the Children Information


Using this Toolkit

As a collaborative endeavor between Save the Children's (SC) Development and Emergencies teams and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch, this Emergency Health and Nutrition Toolkit is intended to better prepare technical staff for the health and nutrition issues related to emergency preparedness and response.

 

Designed as a capacity building resource, the toolkit can be used for training on individual topics, full modules, or as a comprehensive 5-day course. Within the toolkit, you will find six modules: Introduction to the Emergency Context; Save the Children Emergency Preparedness and Response; Assessment Tools; Child Health; Infant and Child Nutrition; and Reproductive and Newborn Health. Contributing to each module, individual sessions are composed of each of the following: 

Overview and Facilitation Notes
Provides an overview of what is presented in the training session and includes instructions for conducting the session, including timing, special instructions for group work, needs for visual aids and demonstrations, and recommended resources related to each topic.

Issue Summary Sheet
A one-page snapshot of each issue with basic facts, case definitions, and issue-specific information on preparedness, response, surveillance and working with the community.

PowerPoint Presentation
In-depth technical presentation on each issue with particular focus on differences between and special considerations of emergency and development settings.  Each presentation includes slide-specific facilitation guidance in the notes section of the slides.

Case Study
In some sessions, a case study exercise is incorporated, enabling participants to take the skills they have learned during the presentation and apply them to a real-life simulation.

Related Resources
A list of recommended topic-specific resources is included at the bottom of each Overview/Facilitation Notes to better educate the presenter or participants on the topic at hand.  Additional resources are available in the Resource Library.

Please note, the content of this toolkit has been developed specifically for Save the Children's health and nutrition staff and often references Save the Children's programs.  However, much of the technical content and training modules can be adapted to meet the capacity building needs of other organizations and individuals. 

If you plan to conduct a module-based or full-package training, please contact us for topic-based guidance and updates.  


Introduction to the Emergency Context

It can often be challenging to transition staff, programs and resources to meet the specific needs of an emergency. Save the Children has made it a priority to build the capacity of health staff around the world on how to respond to the priority health and nutrition concerns in emergencies.

What relief workers call the "Humanitarian Imperative" and the "Good Enough Principle" are the guides that lead Save the Children's response to emergencies. The Humanitarian Imperative calls for adaptability in management, well defined staffing roles, condensed timeframes, rapid data collection and knowledge management. The "Good Enough Principle" (see Interagency Working Group's Good Enough Guide) explains that even when robust quantitative data are unavailable to affect the most important decisions, rapid data collection tools exist that are valid and good enough to save the lives of those most in need. These principles form what can be described as a paradigm shift, marking the need for a change of perspective when shifting from development to emergency programming.

As a two-part introduction to the comprehensive toolkit, the following presentations include an insight into the history of emergencies and key lessons learned over the past 30 years; continuing with an overview of key concepts and indicators in emergency preparedness and response. These sessions should be presented consecutively as a series, including the useful exercises and group work that challenge common myths and misconceptions and introduce various emergency scenarios.

Introduction Part 1: History and Lessons Learned
            PowerPoint Presentation

Introduction Part 2: Overview of Concepts and Indicators
            PowerPoint Presentation


SC Emergency Preparedness and Response

SC Emergency Preparedness and Response (SC staff may access this presentation with the use of a SaveNet password)
            PowerPoint Presentation

Pandemic Influenza – SC Preparedness and Response
            Summary Sheet
            PowerPoint Presentation


Assessment Tools

A three-part data collection series, the Assessments Tools Module is intended to provide an introduction to the various methods of data collection in the emergency context, including rapid assessments, surveys and surveillance.

Rapid Assessments
            Summary Sheet
            PowerPoint Presentation
            Case Study
            Case Study PowerPoint

Surveys
            Summary Sheet
            PowerPoint Presentation

Surveillance
            Summary Sheet
            PowerPoint Presentation


Child Health

The Child Health Module helps define the broader epidemiologic picture of under-5 health in emergencies, focusing on disease-specific sessions and making the case for prioritizing attention to specific diseases in various emergency settings.

Disease Outbreak and Investigation
            Summary Sheet
            PowerPoint Presentation

Diarrheal Diseases
            Cholera Summary Sheet
            Shigella Summary Sheet
            PowerPoint Presentation
            Case Study
            Case Study PowerPoint

Malaria
            Summary Sheet
            PowerPoint Presentation

Measles and Other Vaccine Preventable Diseases
            Summary Sheet
            PowerPoint Presentation
            Case Study
            Case Study PowerPoint

Meningitis
            Summary Sheet
            PowerPoint Presentation

Pneumonia
            Summary Sheet
            PowerPoint Presentation


Infant and Child Nutrition

The Infant and Child Nutrition Module includes sessions on Acute Malnutrition prevention, detection and treatment and Infant and Young Child Feeding - the importance of establishing an infant feeding strategy in emergencies.

Acute Malnutrition
 
            Summary Sheet
            PowerPoint Presentation
            Case Study

Infant and Young Child Feeding
            Summary Sheet
            PowerPoint Presentation
            Case Study


Reproductive and Newborn Health

The Reproductive and Newborn Health Module establishes priority reproductive health interventions in emergency situations, the epidemiology of neonatal mortality in emergencies and best practices and technologies for promoting neonatal health.

Reproductive Health
            Summary Sheet
            PowerPoint Presentation

Newborn Health
            Summary Sheet
            PowerPoint Presentation


Comprehensive 5-Day Course

The toolkit can be adapted to function as a comprehensive 5-day training course by using the modules above and combining them with the agenda, overarching sessions and other resources below.  If you plan to conduct a full-package training, please contact us for topic-based guidance and updates.  

5-Day Agenda

Training Overview and Objectives

Key Messages Session

Next Steps Session 

Pre/Post Test

Evaluations
            Daily Evaluation
            Final Evaluation

Printable Toolkit (Coming Soon)


Emergency Simulation Exercise

The Emergency Simulation Exercise is a roll-playing exercise enabling individuals to actively participate in a reality-based emergency drill.  Participants are required to interact with key staff "on the ground" to conduct an emergency rapid assessment.

Typhoon Simulation Exercise
            Handouts for Participants
            Role-player Guidance and Roles 1 – 13


Resources

Resource Library

Issue Summary Sheets
            All Summary Sheets
            Acute Malnutrition Summary Sheet
            Cholera Summary Sheet
            Disease Outbreak and Investigation Summary Sheet
            Infant and Young Child Feeding Summary Sheet
            Malaria Summary Sheet
            MeaslesSummary Sheet
            Meningitis Summary Sheet
            Newborn Health Summary Sheet
            Pandemic Influenza Summary Sheet
            Pneumonia Summary Sheet
            Rapid Assessments Summary Sheet
            Reproductive Health Summary Sheet
            Shigella Summary Sheet
            Surveillance Summary Sheet
            Surveys Summary Sheet


Contacts and Save the Children Information

Questions or Comments?
For questions or comments please contact:

            Ribka Amsalu  
            Emergency Health Advisor

            Kathryn Bolles 
            Health and Nutrition Advisor

SC staff may access the following resources, with the use of a SaveNet password:

Key SC Emergency Health and Nutrition Staff

SC Emergency Strategy

Country Emergency Preparedness Plans (Coming Soon)